In the wake of the failure of the Cambodian and Thai governments to resolve their border dispute through diplomatic and other channels (United Nations, ASEAN) especially with regard to the 11th century Hindu Temple of Preah Vihear and the recent escalation in violent border clashes, Cambodia has filed a request before the ICJ for an interpretation the 1962 judgment of the ICJ in the Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia v. Thailand) (summary here). The press statement of the ICJ can be found here.
Cambodia has also requested urgent provisional measures to restrict Thailand from using any further violence and immediate withdrawal of the Thai forces. This request for interpretation and provisional measures comes after months of exchange of dialogue between the two countries. It is said that the new dispute, even though it had already been settled decades ago, has been fueled by nationalism and domestic politics.